Dossier

How waste was collected in Padua

A memory of how they were collected waste in Padua.
After the Unification of Italy, the contract for urban cleaning becomes more and more important for men and means . That bandit in January of 1867 includes 30 men , 10 horses and 10 wagons with 2 wheels , 20 handcarts covered.
It is in this period that arrive as new contractors brothers Heat, said Fai, who then held the position for a long time .
Only in 1891 was in fact created a Company limited cooperative work between workers pavers , street cleaners and the like, with the aim of contributing to the three local authority tenders : maintenance, wetting and cleaning the streets. Contracts will be actually employed in January 1892. The scavengers are then 48 . The city’s general rubbish to be over two hours before dawn , while the part continues until one hour after the lighting of lanterns public . The garbage is collected for a four- day deposition temporary places you in ” secluded places of the city ” (1 then transported to dumping grounds in at least three hundred meters away from the outer ring . YES The company occupies the central area , in the side streets instead should be the letamaioli adventitious but they work when they want , for example, not in July when there is trevviatura .
In April of 1899 , however , the Cooperative fails , the City buys all the equipment, dissolves the contract and assumes the economy in three services .
In 1920 materials come close to Bastion of All Saints via a impainto with centi cells zimotecniche Becacri . It is essentially closed collection is small rooms where the fermentation of garbage .
In 1928 the contract for street cleaning is assigned to the Cooperative ” The Autocombattente ” Marone and Salvatore Antonio Castelli. The company is proposing the adoption of the collection wells Augias and demand that it be granted free use of the cells Beccari . It also requires the exclusive removal of household rubbish .

The company will then plant about 350 wells , buried at a variable distance between the
25 and 40 meters , which replace the temporary storage and are emptied at night, using four autoelettriche equipped with cranes and crates .

Since 1931 the company changed its name , becoming ” Enterprises Salvatore Castelli , formerly L ‘ Autocombattente .” The contract is confirmed , however, and gradually extended during the war period , leading up to December 1945, when the war ended . In August of that year, however, the company announced its intention to abandon the service , considering it no longer sufficiently profitable.

Meanwhile , the Cooperative was born ” Padua ” which collected all the staff of the firm Castles and that , in July 1946 , will begin his long period of service. At that time, the Cooperative has 118 employees . We use carts covered and the wells remain in use Augias . The contract provides for , among other things, that the company will keep all the proceeds from the sale of waste. It remains to individuals authorized a chance to pick up the garbage in the streets are not served by the company.
In the mid- fifties, animal-drawn carts have disappeared ; laurel place there are autocompressori ( equipped trucks ) and buggies portabidoni .
At the end of 1959, the City Council approves the construction of an incineration furnace in the San Gregorio, along the bank of Piovego .
A significant event took place in June 1960 : the Cooperative ” Padua ” waiver in fact the property of garbage collected , leaving the City onero disposal. Evidently, the waste is no longer a desirable resource , but are becoming a problem.
In 1961, the municipal councilor for companies , Balbinus Del Nunzio, writes: Until a few years ago the biggest concern was given to the first two phases of the service, collection and transport to the disposal of waste it was provided with the sorting of recovered materials and with use in agriculture …
II rescue of agriculture , however, failed for two reasons : one is the modified diet of the urban population has altered the composition of the waste by giving pre-eminence to inert materials recovery difficult and of little or no change in attitude to fertilizer , on the other hand the improved conditions of agriculture have increased the use of chemical fertilizers.
In the end the result was and is that daily accumulate significant amounts of waste, which do not find any route of elimination.
In 1962, the first incinerator is already a reality and begins to work in 1965 is instead the deliberate construction of a second oven .
This period is also the long-standing debate among politicians and trade unions on the municipalization of the company but does not give an immediate result : at the end the decision is in fact returned , even if only temporarily.
In August of 1972 the City Council approved a resolution which is delivered to the Cooperative the second kiln incineration . But the long history of the Cooperative ” Padua ” coming to an end . You return it to talk about municipalize service and IL15 August 1973, the Cooperative shall cease collection . Soon after, in April 1974 will be closed wells Augias , marking the end of an era. In that same year , in fact, will be the birth dell’Amniup , the municipal company to reinforce the turn and usher in a new era that Italo Calvino , in his ” Invisible Cities ” , so foreshadows :
“The city of Leonia refashions itself every day: every morning the people wake between fresh sheets , wash with just-unwrapped soaps , new clothing , extracts from the most refined refrigerator still unopened tins , listening to the jingles from the last model of the appliance . On the sidewalks, encased in spotless plastic bags , the remains of yesterday’s Leonia await the garbage truck . Not only squeezed tubes of toothpaste , light bulbs , newspapers , containers, packaging materials, but also boilers, encyclopedias , pianos, porcelain dinner services than by the things that each day are manufactured, sold , opulence of Leonia is measured from the things that each day are thrown out to make room for new ones. So much so that you wonder if Leonia’s true passion is really, as they say enjoy the new and different things , and not rather the expelling, by itself, the cleanse of a recurrent impurity . What is certain is that street cleaners are welcomed like angels , and their task of removing the remains of yesterday’s existence is surrounded with a respectful silence , like a ritual that inspires devotion, perhaps only because once thrown away the stuff nobody wants have to think about . Where, each day their burden street cleaners if anyone asks, out of the city , of course , but every year the city expands and the cleaners have to fall farther back the bulk of the outflow increases and the piles rise higher, become stratified , extend over a wider perimeter : add that the more Leonia’s making new materials excels , the more the rubbish improves in quality , resists time, the elements , fermentations, combustions . It is a fortress of indestructible leftovers surrounds Leonia , dominating it on every side , like a chain of mountains. The result is this : the more Leonia expels goods, the more it accumulates , the scales of its past are soldered into a cuirass that can not be removed ; renewed each day, the city preserves all of itself in the only definitive form: yesterday’s sweepings that piled up on the sweepings of the day before yesterday and all his days and years and decades . Leonia’s rubbish little by little would invade the world if it were not pressing on the huge garbage dump , beyond the ridge, street cleaners of other cities, also pushing mountains of waste away from him , perhaps the whole world, beyond the boundaries Leonia , is covered by craters of rubbish, each surrounding a metropolis in constant eruption . The boundaries between the alien, hostile cities are infected ramparts where the detritus of both support each other , overlap , mingle . Over its height grows , the more the looming danger of landslides : just a jar, an old tire , a fiasco spagliato rolls toward Leonia, and an avalanche of mismatched shoes , calendars of years , withered flowers, submerging the city in its past who tried in vain to reject, mingling with that of the neighboring cities, finally clean a cataclysm will flatten the sordid mountain range, canceling every trace of the metropolis always dressed again. In the nearby cities are ready with the rollers to flatten the ground , to push into new territory , expand, and remove the new garbage dumps … “( From ” Invisible Cities ” by Italo Calvino )

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